Apocalypticism in Christianity
Apocalyptic Aggression  
Overviews - Christianity - Hinduism - Judaism - Islam  


Overviews - Christianity - Hinduism - Judaism - Islam


Many Christian Right Republicans see Obama &
the Democrats as Millennial Apocalyptic End-Times
Satanic Agents


You Can't Compromise with the Devil!

(This is not a new idea - click here for book list - click here for links on Talk to Action) 



Apocalyptic expectation can be positive or negative concerning the outcome and actions seen as appropriate or required. The underlying belief system can be religious, spiritual, or secular.

How this Apocalyptic Aggression Works

The merger of apocalyptic frameworks and conspiracy-based or fear-based belief systems spawns aggressive confrontations that undermine civil society in a democracy.

Apocalyptic Aggression occurs when demonized scapegoats are targeted as enemies of the “common good,” and a confrontation seen as not just a political necessity but a sacred duty. Society is portrayed as split between the forces of good and the forces of evil. This dualistic worldview can create needless confrontations and in its most fanatical forms can lead to lead to discrimination and even physical attacks.

Aggressive Apocalyptic Religious Triumphalism can become a form of Theocratic Neofascism or Clerical Neofascism in tiny subcultures of Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, & Judaism.

Apocalypticism: The belief in an approaching confrontation, cataclysmic event, or transformation of epochal proportion, about which a select few have forewarning so they can make appropriate preparations.

From a Greek root word suggesting unveiling hidden information or revealing secret knowledge about unfolding human events. The dualist or demonized version involves a final show-down struggle between absolute good and absolute evil

It is the combination of apocalyptic aggression with patriarchy, theocracy, fanaticism, and fundamentalism that is so toxic to democracy and civil society in our world today.

Interestingly, there are fundamentalists in every religion who reject fanaticism and theocracy, and within that group some who reject patriarchy. Too often religious belief alone, or its form as fundamentalism, are indicted as the source of the problem, when the aggregate is what is so dangerous.

In its most totalitarian forms, these aberrant religious movements can sometimes accurately be classified as neofascism.

This is true in Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism, among other religions. It is true in the Middle East, South Asia, Africa and the United States.


Cumulative problem graphic: fanaticism, patriarchy theocracy

Artist credit: Mana Neyestani

A Chart Tracing Apocalyptic Outcomes
How people move into apocalyptic time and the different places they can end up: Passive, Defensive, or Aggressive

Why Conspiracy Theories are Toxic to Democracy
Written for Political Research Associates


Apocalyptic Aggression in Islam

Currently Housed Here



Apocalyptic Aggression in Christianity

Main Overview Study:

Dances with Devils:
How Apocalyptic and Millennialist Themes Influence Right Wing Scapegoating and Conspiracism

This extensive overview provides an introduction to the way in which apocalypticism and millennialism influence a variety of right-wing political and social movements, especially in the United States. Written for Political Research Associates.

Right-Wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort

by Chip Berlet and Matthew N. Lyons. Lists "Apocalyptic Narratives and Millennial Visions" as one of the four cornerstones of the contemporary Right-Wing revolt against liberalism.

Boston's Marathon Apocalypse:

Fanaticism, Murder, & the Shining Beacon on the Hill

A New Book by Chip Berlet -- Forthcoming in April 2016 from BINJ Books

Covers the role of End Times beliefs in the Marathon bombing and 300 pevious years of Boston history



Introductory Materials

When President Obama talks about the Congressional budget showdown as apocalyptic...
...what does that mean?

Originally posted on Huffington Post and Talk2Action

 Click Here for more on Right-Wing Populism & the Tea Party Movement

Jump to an Extensive Bibliography

Apocalyptic Millennialism

Browse a slideshow on History of apocalyptic conspiracy theories in the United States: The Protocols of the Elders of Zion: Roots of Conspiracist Rhetoric

The Left Behind Series

Official webpage: http://www.leftbehind.com/

Off-site articles written on the series

Apocalyptic – and atop the bestseller lists
Author Tim LaHaye takes on the final battle between good and evil

by Jane Lampman, staff writer of  The Christian Science Monitor

Tim LaHaye's earlier "non-fiction" books:

Tim LaHaye, The Battle for the Mind, (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1980). Dedicated to Francis Schaeffer.

Tim LaHaye, The Battle for the Public Schools: Humanism’s Threat to our Children, (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1983).

Tim LaHaye, The Battle for the Family, (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1982).

Other Articles of Interest

Falwell Brands Mohammed A 'Terrorist'
60 Minutes


Six key ways the predictions in the Bible's Book of Revelation influence popular culture:

  • Omens and Signs of the Times
  • Apocalyptic Doomsday Cataclysm
  • Subversion and Countersubversion
  • Armageddon and Holy War
  • Reign and Rule
  • Transcendent Ascension and Rapture

Apocalyptic Groups and Millennialism in Popular Culture Circa the Year 2000

PBS Frontline - The Apocalypse

The End Times as a Growth Industry
A reading list by Chip Berlet for Frontline

More Reading

Useful Studies of apocalyptic millennialism, demonization, and conspiracism, Chronological:

Paul Boyer. 1992. When Time Shall Be No More: Prophecy Belief in Modern American Culture. Cambridge, MA: Belknap/Harvard University Press.

Stephen D. O’Leary. 1994. Arguing the Apocalypse: A Theory of Millennial Rhetoric. New York: Oxford University Press.

Lee Quinby. 1994. Anti-Apocalypse: Exercises in Genealogical Criticism. Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press.

Charles B. Strozier. 1994. Apocalypse: On the Psychology of Fundamentalism in America. Boston: Beacon Press.

Robert C. Fuller. 1995. Naming the Antichrist: The History of an American Obsession. New York: Oxford University Press

Kathryn Gin Lum. 2014. Damned Nation: Hell in America from the Revolution to Reconstruction. New York : Oxford University Press.

Matthew Avery Sutton. 2014. American Apocalypse: A History of Modern Evangelicalism. Cambridge, Massachusetts : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Christian Critics

Dale Aukerman. 1993. Reckoning with Apocalypse: Terminal Politics and Christian Hope. New York: Crossroad.

Gregory S. Camp, 1997. Selling Fear: Conspiracy Theories and End–Times Paranoia. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books.

Richard Abanes. 1998. End-Time Visions: The Road to Armageddon? New York: Four Walls Eight Windows.

Paul Thigpen. 2001. The Rapture Trap: A Catholic Response to a Deceptive Doctrine. West Chester, PA: Ascension Press.

Jump to a more Extensive Bibliography

If premillennialists are waiting for the Rapture,
why should they bother getting involved in secular politics?

In 1980 Tim LaHaye published a book, The Battle for the Mind, which amplified on the conservative Christian evangelical critique of secular humanism articulated by popular theologian Francis A. Schaeffer. The LaHaye book is dedicated to Schaeffer (1980, p. 5).

LaHaye writes in a chapter entitled "Is a Humanist Tribulation Necessary?" that the "seven-year tribulation period will be a time that features the rule of the anti-Christ over the world." LaHaye explains that this "tribulation is predestined and will surely come to pass." LaHaye claims there is another potential period of tribulation, however, that he dubs the “pre-tribulation tribulation—that is, the tribulation that will engulf this country if liberal secular humanists are permitted to take control of our government—it is neither predestined nor necessary. But it will deluge the entire land in the next few years, unless Christians are willing to become much more assertive in defense of morality and decency than they have been during the past three decades."

LaHaye warns that adultery, pornography, and homosexuality "are rampant" and reminds readers of "Dr. [Francis] Schaeffer’s warning that humanism always leads to chaos" (1980, pp. 217-218).

More about Schaeffer and LaHaye:

Tim LaHaye, The Battle for the Mind, (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1980). Dedicated to Francis Schaeffer.

Tim LaHaye, The Battle for the Public Schools: Humanism’s Threat to our Children, (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1983).

Tim LaHaye, The Battle for the Family, (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1982).

Francis A. Schaeffer, A Christian Manifesto, revised, (Westchester, IL: Crossway Books, [1981] 1982).

Francis A. Schaeffer, and C. Everett Koop. Whatever Happened to the Human Race? Old Tappan, N.J.: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1979


Hinduism - coming soon

Judaism - coming soon